Ayurveda treatments comprises of two major parts viz. Samshodhana Chikitsa or Bio-cleansing Therapy and Samshaman Chikitsa or Pacifying Therapy. Samshodhana Chikitsa envisages Panchakarma treatment which is basically a Bio-cleansing regimen intended to eliminate the toxic elements from the body and thereby enhances the immunity of the body. Panchakarma also increases the acceptability of the body to various therapeutic regimens like Rasayana (Rejuvenation) and Vajikarana (Aphrodisiac).
Panchakarma comprises of five purificatory and rejuvenative main procedures-
- Vamana (Therapeutic Emesis)
- Virechana (Therapeutic Purgation)
- Anuvasana (Medicated Oil Enema)
- Asthapana (Medicated Decoction Enema)
- Nasya (Nasal Insufflations)
Prior the these main procedures, preparatory measures called Purva Karma is given to the patient.
Pachana (Usage of digestive medicines)
Panchakarma therapy plays a definite role in the management of diseases especially of neuromuscular, rheumatological and gastrointestinal origin. In addition to this Panchakarma procedures are utilized for the purpose of preservation, maintenance and conservation of health and the promotion of longevity.
Based on Ayurvedic principles and own experiences, the Ayurvedic scholars in South India have modified certain techniques according to dosha, prakriti (Body constitution), season, drug availability etc and found them quite effective. Later on, these procedures got popularized as Keraliya (From Kerala) specialities of Panchakarma which are extensively practiced in India and abroad as main procedures. Some of these methods are mentioned below.