Anterior cruciate ligament or ACL injuries are among the most common sports injuries seen by orthopedic surgeons. The ACL is the tendon that runs through the middle of the knee and gives the knee stability and mobility. The goal of these various ACL repair techniques is to regain the stability and mobility in the injured knees. Arthroscopic surgery is typically an implemented as an outpatient procedure, meaning that you don’t have to stay overnight in the hospital. Other surgery may require you to stay in the hospital a few days. Only Orthopedic surgeons do ACL operations. Surgery of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is a surgical procedure to repair a tear or other damage to the ligamentum. ACL surgery is usually an arthroscopic procedure in which a surgeon makes a small incision and performs the operation with a small camera and tools that are threaded through the incision. ACL surgery requires a period of postoperative physiotherapy to restore proper motion and function in the knee.
ACL reconstruction surgery uses a graft to replace the ligament. The most common grafts are autografts using part of your bodies, such as the tendon of the kneecap (patellar tendon) or one of the hamstring tendons. Another choice is allograft tissue, which is taken from a deceased donor.
Repair surgery is usually used primarily for cases where there is an avulsion fracture; this is separate of the ligament and a piece of the bone from the rest of the bone.
ACL surgery is usually done by making small incisions in the knee and inserting instruments for surgery through theses incisions (arthroscopic surgery) In several cases; it is estimated by cutting a large incision in the knee during open surgery
Only Orthopedic surgeons do ACL operations.
Arthroscopic surgery- Many orthopedic surgeons use arthroscopic surgery rather than an open surgery; which is cutting an incision in the knee, for ACL injury because:
It is easier to view and work on the knee structure.
Arthroscopic surgery uses smaller incisions than open surgery.
It can be completed at the same time as a diagnostic arthroscopy. Arthroscopy finds more about the damage was done to the knee.
Arthroscopic surgery is typically completed under regional anesthesia or general anesthesia
During Anthropic ACL reconstruction, your surgeon will make several small incisions- around two or three near the knee. The sterile saline(salt) solution will be pumped into the knee through one of the incisions to expand it and wash the blood from the area. This will allow the surgeon to see the structure of the knee more easily.
The doctor will insert an Arthroscope within one of the other incisions. A camera at the end of the arthroscope sends images from the inside of the knee to a Visual monitor in the operation room for the doctor to see.,
Surgical drills will be placed through other small incisions. The doctor drills small holes into the lower and upper leg bones where the bones are close to either a the knee joint. The holes will be for tunnels in which the graft will be anchored.
Another incision is made within the knee to take the replacement tissue or graft.
The graft is removed from the tendon at the front of the knee below the patella tendon or kneecap; which includes tow small pieces of bone called bone blocks on the ends of the time. One piece of bone is removed from the knee cap, and the other is removed from a part of the lower leg bone near the knee joint. This type of graft will allow the patient to heal better due the tendon being attached to its original bone, and the pieces of the bone just need to heal into their new placement.
If the autograft comes from the hamstring, bone blocks are removed. This type of graft can allow the knee to look more normal after it heals, due to the tendon from the front of the knees not being used. It may be easier to add additional tissue from a deceased donor called, an allograft to this particular type of graft.
The entire graft may also be removed from a deceased donor, allograft
The graft is drawn through the two holes that were drilled in the lower and upper legs bones. The surgeon secures the graft with tools such as staples and fasteners and will close incisions with tape or stitches. A managed is then placed on the knee, and you are moved to a recovery room for two to three hours.
Arthroscopic surgery is typically an implemented as an outpatient procedure, meaning that you don’t have to stay overnight in the hospital. Other surgery may require you to stay in the hospital a few days.
All treatments and therapies are performed by our associate Baby Memorial Hospital, Kozhikode, Kerala, India. BMH holds the responsibility of the treatment effectiveness and other services mentioned above.
After submitting your enquiry, you will be receiving a consultation over the phone, email or chat from an expert from BMH. The exact treatment procedure, patient qualification guidelines for the surgery, effectiveness of the surgery, do’s and don’ts before and after treatment, etc are communicated to you by the expert.
Before booking, you will be communicated the terms and conditions of the associate, which you have to agree for proceeding with the confirmation.