Osteoarthritis Ayurvedic Treatment: Natural & free from side-effects

Osteoarthritis Ayurvedic Treatment About Ayurveda

About Osteoarthritis Ayurvedic Treatment

Osteoarthritis is a condition affecting the joints which occurs when the protective cartilage and the underlying bone wears down over time. Cartilage is a firm, slippery tissue that permits the joints a frictionless motion. Osteoarthritis condition starts when the slick surface of the cartilage becomes rough. Gradually it wears down completely over time, causing the bones to rub each other. This is a very painful condition.

This is the most common arthritis, affecting millions of people worldwide. Arthritis generally have staggering stats globally.  About 1 in 5 people over age 18 is diagnosed with arthritis.

Osteoarthritis can affect and joints in the body. The common joints affected by Osteoarthritis are knee, hip, spine, fingers and hands.

Causes of Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis is a degenerative joint disease, and is caused by wearing of the joints beyond normal extent.

Genetic Predisposition: Several researchers suggest that people diagnosed with arthritis have the possibility that, they could have inherited from their parents.

Continues stress to joints over a prolonged period of time can cause Osteoarthritis. Some people have jobs that require continuous sitting for long hours, which is stressful to the lower back. In such cases there are high chances of getting an Osteoarthritis condition.

Joint Injuries: Getting an injury from playing or work environment is a strong cause in developing the osteoarthritis condition. The symptoms of arthritis is seen very gradually. Even if the injury has happened a long time ago, the arthritis condition can be noticed in later stages.

Obesity or Being overweight: Needing to carry extra body weight puts immense stress on the hips, knees and lower back. This can cause gradual wearing of the joints over time.

Old age: The cartilage aiding the movement of joints, becomes rough over time. Gradually this wears down completely, and then the bones begin to rub each other causing immense pain.

Joint inflammations caused by bacterial infection: The infection causes the cartilage to wear down causing Osteoarthritis.

Bone diseases such as Osteoporosis leads to changes in bone structure and a reduction in bone mass. These degenerations in bone increases the fracture risk and inflammations to the joints.

Symptoms of Osteoarthritis

Pain in the joints- Pain intensifies in damp, cold weather conditions and also during an aggressive physical activity.

Swelling and stiffness in the joints with burning sensation in the associated muscles and tendons.

Loss of flexibility to the joints, as it would be difficult to move the joints in its full range of motion.

Treatment of Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis condition cannot be be completely treated. The main focus of the treatments available is to control the pain and delay the wearing of the cartilage. This involves major changes in lifestyle, diet and proper recommended exercise.

Why Ayurvedic treatment is different?

Most medicines recommended in Modern medicine, only suppresses the pain, as they don’t actually have any effect on the cartilage, which continues to deteriorate. Consuming such medicines only help in temporary relief from pain, and when the pain comes back, the patient will need to consume the medication again and again. Prolonged use of such pain-killers has many side-effects. This can cause side effects like several digestive problems- diarrhea, constipation, stomach pain etc.

Ayurvedic treatment is completely natural and free some side-effects. Ayurveda recommends a complete detoxification routine which not only helps in relieving pain, but also helps in the overall immunity of the body.

The external and internal medicines used in Ayurvedic treatment are prepared using only natural herbs. Ayurvedic massages are very effective in controlling pain and the further deterioration of the cartilage.

Ayurvedic Treatment for Osteoarthritis

According to Ayurveda, osteoarthritis occurs because of an aggravation of vata-dosha. Vata is the body's bio-energy, which represents the air or wind and manages all movements in the body. Arthritis condition occurs when Vata-dosha is increased actively in the joints. Because Vata-dosha is dry by nature, it absorbs the liquid from any part of the body. That is what causes the destruction of cartilage and reduce the amount of synovial fluid within the joint capsule.

Ayurvedic treatment of osteoarthritis, not only prevent further deterioration in the joints, but also rejuvenates the damaged cartilage. Mitigating, using special herbs, Vata Dosha treatments are also recommended for the lubrication and strengthening of  joints.

A typical Ayurvedic treatment procedure starts with-

Consultation with an ayurveda physician. (We at superbeing arranges free consultation over the phone or email with a specialized doctor, provided you have send a detailed description of the disease condition and the concerned medical reports)

The doctor performs thorough diagnosis of your body by analyzing your medical condition, body constitution and the doshas causing the illness. He then prescribes a treatment routine to be followed-

A typical treatment routine includes:

1. No of days required for treatment

2. The therapies to be followed in each stages of treatment

3. Number of total sessions required for each therapy

4. Internal medicines and its timings

5. Diet to be followed during treatment

6. Do’s and Don’ts  to be followed before and after each session

Panchakarma defines a number of treatment methods, for the removal of toxins. This involves both internal and external medications and an ideal diet. In addition to the diet , the stimulating massages and manual therapies are very important in order to stimulate the metabolism and to assist in its detoxification.

Some for the Panchakarma therapies performed in Osteoarthritis condition are:


Abhyanga is a part of Panchakarma treatment method which involves application of warm medicated oil over the body with mild pressure. The medicine is rubbed over the body in directions comfortable to the patient. It improves strength and alleviates Vata. Abhyanga is a type of Bahya Snehana which can be performed as therapeutic procedure as well as preventive procedure.

The patient is made to sit on the Abhyanga table with leg extended. The oil is to be heated to optimum temperature and applied over the head, ears and soles of the feet. And then the oil is applied uniformly with mild pressure over the body by two masseurs standing on both sides of the table. Massage is started from scalp, head and moves down to neck, upper back, shoulders, upper arms, forearms, hands and then chest, abdomen, lower back and lower limbs.

Abhyanga should be done in sitting, supine, right lateral and left lateral positions and prone position. At the end of the procedure the oil on the body is wiped off with tissue or towel. The procedure normally takes 30- 40 minutes.

Patient is advised to take complete rest for 30 minutes to 1 hour. Bath can be taken with hot water and soap to remove the oil from the body. Light semisolid digestible diet is advised after the bath.


‘Ila’ means leaves and ‘Kizhi’ means bolus. This is a highly effective therapy is bone and joint inflammations.

In this therapy, leaves of medicinal plants are heated and tied in a bolus. This bolus is then applied to the affected area to provide heat.


In this method a mixture of herbs are dried and powdered. This is then tied to a bolus. This bolus is then heated and applied over the affected area.

Janu Basti:

This is one of the most effective therapy for Osteoarthritis of the knee. This therapy is performed by pouring warm medicated oil in the knee area. The oil is then retained in the knee, by making a partition (wheat flour is commonly used). The herbal oil used in the procedure helps in restoring the lubricating fluid in the joint and maintains integrity of the structures involved in the joint. It also improves the mobility of the knee joints.


In this therapy, medicated oil is applied to the whole body and then the body is massaged with small cotton cloth boluses filled with cooked Njavara rice. Njavara rice has immense medicinal value. The boluses are dipped in this regenerating mixture of cow's milk and a brewed herbal decoction, and then applied to the body, causing the body to sweat.

This procedure is highly rejuvenating. It enhances physical consistency, strengthens the nervous system and is very effective in treating Osteoarthritis condition.


Pizhichil is a preparatory procedure of Panchakarma which has the advantage of producing the effects of Snehana and Swedana at the same time. Pizhichil has its origin in Kerala Ayurveda. Pizhichil is a procedure by which the body is made to perspire by means of pouring warm medicated oil in a specific manner.

The patient is made to sit on a dhara table with legs extended. A cotton swab after soaking in suitable oil is applied over the scalp. Then Karnapurana (application of oil in the ears) is done. The rolled cotton cloth has to be tied above the ears, around the head at the level of forehead.Ears should be plugged with cotton and oil is applied all over the body. Gentle massage is performed by two masseurs attending on either sides of the patient.

The oil used for Pizhichil is to be heated by keeping the vessel on a hot water bath. The temperature of the oil must be comfortable to the patient. Then piece of cloth is to be dipped in the warm oil and squeezed over body with right hand. Simultaneously gentle massage is done with left hand. The oil should flow in uniform stream from the thumb facing downwards from a height 12 to 20 cms. or as per the condition of the disease./ patient. This process is continued in seven positions given below.

Basically only 3 positions are described- Sitting, Supine and Prone, but practically 7 positions are followed.

    - Sitting

    - Supine

    - Left lateral

    - Prone

    - Right lateral

    - Supine

    - Sitting

After Pizhichil, body of the patient is to be massaged gently and oil is to be wiped off with clean towel over the scalp and body.Then fresh oil is applied all over the body and covered with blanket or cotton cloth. Rest is advised for few minutes followed by hot water bath.

The duration of Pizhichil varies from 45 -60 minutes and usually performed 7,14 or 21 days according to the condition of the patient/ disease.

Pizhichil is performed for Neuromuscular disorders like Hemiplegia, Paraplegia, Peripheral Neuropathy, Muscular and Ligamentous injuries. It is also effective in Orthopaedic & Rheumatological problems like Rheumatoid Arthritis, Osteoarthritis, Other degenerative joint diseases.

Home remedies for Osteoarthritis

About Ayurveda

Ayurveda, which means the science of life. (Ayur = Life, Veda = Science). Ayurveda is a traditional System of treatment (medical science) which was developed in India more than 5000 years ago. Ayurvedic treatment which helps to cure most of the diseases. Major treatment methods are massages, Pizhichil, Njavarakizhi, Sirodhara, Vasthi, Sirovasthi, Udvarthanam, Abhyangam, Nasyam, Thalam etc. The main Advantage of taking ayurveda treatment is, its completely natural because herbal medicines are used to treat any disease conditions. Its a natural medical system focused on physical, mental and spiritual growth of human beings and it focus on treating and get rid off the root cause of the disease (Complete cure) rather than suppressing the symptoms.Special Ayurveda packages available in kerala for most of the ailments

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