Obesity is diagnosed when your body mass index (BMI) is 30 or higher. Your body mass index is calculated by dividing your weight in kilograms (kg) by your height in meters (m) squared.
If your BMI is -
1. Below 18.5 is considered underweight
2. 18.5 to 24.9 is considered normal
3. 25.0 to 29.9 is considered Overweight and not obese
4. 30.0 to 34.9 is considered Class 1 Obesity (Low-risk)
5. 35.0 to 39.9 is considered Class 2 Obesity ( moderate-risk)
6. 40.0 and above is considered Class 3 Obesity (high-risk)
Once the report is generated, studied and discussed with the client the doctor suggests the required treatment which include exercises, modifications in food and lifestyle.
Lose weight with physiotherapy
Do all the exercises that your physiotherapist prescribes with the perfect technique and often in the way that advises you. There are many physiotherapy exercises designed to improve certain conditions. For rehabilitation you must follow exactly those that advise you the physiotherapist. Although the exercises are not overly demanding they do burn calories and increase your heart rate, which helps you lose fat.
Include other exercises in your training program that have no adverse effects on your injury. For example, if the therapy involves the knees it is quite possible that you perform some exercises for the upper body using machines. Similarly, if you have back, shoulder or neck injuries then, do light series of leg support, extensions and weights which will improve your exercise program without affecting your condition.
Walk, swim or circle, if you can. It is recommended that adults do at least 2 1/2 hours of low-intensity cardiovascular exercise each week. This is just the minimum to maintain your health and your weight. To lose weight you may need to increase this amount or consume fewer calories. If you have an upper body injury then walking, jogging and doing circles are good cardiovascular exercises that you can perform. If you have an injury to the lower body, swimming is a good option. Talk to your physiotherapist about the exercise program to make sure you do not put your injury at risk.
Follow a balanced calorie control diet. Diet is just as important as exercise to lose weight. Most men and women consume between 2,000 and 3,000 and 1,800 to 2,400 calories per day, respectively, to maintain weight, depending on age, weight, and activity levels. Start by the middle of these rules and adjust your intake according to your weight loss progress. Base your diet with lean proteins like meat, fish and low-fat dairy, whole-grain carbs, fruits and vegetables and nut fats, healthy seeds and oils like olive oil.
In additional to the physical appearance, some of the health benefits of weight loss are-
Lowers the cholesterol level:
Cholesterol which is a type of fat produced in the blood for the proper functioning of the cells. Cholesterol is also consumed from the food we eat. But when the body produces too much cholesterol or when you consume too much cholesterol supplying food, this excess cholesterol gets accumulated in the arteries. When more and more fat is accumulated, the arteries harden making the heart to work harder to pump blood to the organs. This is the main reason for heart attack and stroke conditions. So even a weight loss of 4.5 Kg results in a 34% drop in triglyceride levels.
Lowers blood pressure:
High blood pressure has a similar effect on the heart as high cholesterol. High blood pressure makes the heart to work harder to pump blood to the organs. This causes the arteries to stiffen and weaken the heart muscles eventually causing a heart attack. Even 1 Kg of weight loss results in approximately 2 mmHg drop in blood pressure
Lower type 2 diabetes symptoms:
Type 2 diabetes is a condition caused by the body’s failure to respond to insulin. Insulin is a hormone which helps the body to absorb sugar from blood. People who are obese are likely to have insulin resistance because fat can interfere in with the body’s ability to function insulin.
Knees play an important role in supporting the weight of the body during standing, walking, running etc. So heavier the body, the stress on the knees is also higher. So being overweight for a long time can cause knee pain and arthritis conditions. This is because of the wear and tear caused by prolonged stress to the knees due to support the body weight.
Increase in life expectancy:
Obesity is the 2nd leading cause of preventable death in United States. Since this is a major and gradual cause of many other health related problems like cancers, heart disorders etc, keeping a healthy weight is a absolutely necessary for leading a long healthy life.
Lowers risks of cancer:
People who are obese have higher risks of getting cancers in breasts, colon, liver, pancreas, rectum etc. Fat cells in the body produce hormones and proteins that are released in to the bloodstream and is carried throughout the body. These chemical messengers can cause inflammations for any organs causing higher cancer risk.