Root canal treatment involves removing infected tissue from your tooth, cleaning it and filling it to prevent damage or infection in the future. This can save a tooth that would otherwise be removed.
In the center, your teeth have a nucleus of blood vessels and nerves that are called pulp.This pulp is in a space called the root canal. Each tooth may have one or more root canals. Their front teeth often have only one root canal, while the posterior teeth may have three or more.
The pulp of your teeth can become infected with bacteria if your teeth are damaged. This can happen in different ways. They are between them:
An injury, such as a blow to the mouth
Cracked or loose fillings, or repeated fillings in the tooth
Diseases of the gums
Root Canal can often be done in one session, or you may need more than one session to do so. The duration of treatment will depend on how severe the problem is.
Root Canal Treatment Procedure
Your dentist will ask about the symptoms and examine you. You will also be asked questions about your medical history and any previous dental treatment. Dentist will also take an x-ray of your tooth. This can show how far the infection has spread, if there is an abscess and the number of root canals of your tooth.
Usually, the root canal treatment is performed under local anesthesia. This anesthesia completely blocks the pain in the jaw and you will stay awake during the procedure. The dentist will separate the tooth from the rest of the mouth, with a thin layer of rubber called a dyke. This stops the spread of any infection and prevents it from swallowing or breathing any small instrument or liquid used during the procedure.
Your dentist will make a hole in the top of the tooth and remove the dead or diseased pulp.Then clean the empty hole with a liquid that also helps to eliminate any infection. The hole in the tooth may need to be widened to ensure that it can be filled properly, and is done with small rows. This can take several hours and possibly should be done on more than one visit. If the root canal is severely damaged, this can be anything your dentist does on your first visit. Your dentist will put a temporary filling in the tooth to keep it closed until you return to continue the treatment. However, if your tooth is not severely damaged, the dentist can put a permanent filling and seal the tooth. You can take an x-ray to evaluate before filling the tooth.
If you have a temporary filling, the dentist will remove it and replace it with a permanent one when you return to the next appointment. It will then seal the tooth to prevent infections and major damage. If there is a risk of damage to the tooth again, your dentist may suggest that a crown be placed. The crown is an artificial cap that fits over the tooth.