Arthritis Ayurvedic Treatment, Herbal and Natural remedies

Arthritis Ayurvedic Treatment About Ayurveda

About Arthritis Ayurvedic Treatment

Arthritis causes pain and stiffness in the body. Arthritis manifests itself most commonly as joint pain, stiffness and swelling. Joints are places where two bones meet, such as elbow or knee. Pain can occur in the hip, hands, wrist as well as other joints in the body. Osteoarthritis and Rheumatoid arthritis are the most common forms of arthritis. Arthritis and joint pain discomfort is a widespread occurrence that can result from such factors as climate, lifestyle, work habits, regular strain on joints, food habits etc.

Types of Arthritis


  • Osteoarthritis: This type of arthritis occurs in the joints especially in the hands and the weight bearing parts of the body. Joint include knee, hip and the spine. Osteoarthritis occurs because of the breakdown in cartilage, which is a tissue that cushions the ends of the bones within the joint. In osteoarthritis, the cartilage begins to fray and may entirely wear away. Osteoarthritis causes joint pain and stiffness. To read more-

  • Rheumatoid Arthritis: It is type of chronic or long lasting disease which mainly affects the joints in the body. Here in this type, the immune system of the body causes the swelling in the joints. This inflammation then spreads to surrounding tissues damaging the cartilage and the bones. This creates the pain, stiffness, swelling, joint damage and loss of function of some of the bones.

  • Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis: This is a rare type of arthritis which mainly affects the children. It causes the pain, stiffness, swelling, loss of function of the joints. The reason for the cause for this type of arthritis is not known till now. But it is considered that it is an autoimmune disease. Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis is not hereditary.

  • Gout: Gout is created because of the deposits of needle like crystals of uric acid in the joints. These crystals cause inflammation, swelling, and pain in the affected joint, which is often the big toe. Apart from toe it affects foot, ankle, knee etc.
  • Infectious Arthritis: This type of arthritis is caused by infectious agents such as bacteria or viruses. Early diagnosis and treatment with for this arthritis can get rid of the infection and minimize damage to the joints.

  • Psoriatic Arthritis: This type of arthritis occurs in patients with Psoriasis. Psoriatic arthritis often affects the joints at the ends of the fingers and toes. Back pain will occur if the spine is involved.

  • Fibromyalgia: This causes a widespread pain at tender points such as head, neck, spine, hips, elbows and shoulders of the body. These points of the body are highly sensitive to touch and produce pain. People with fibromyalgia usually have fatigue, disturbed sleep and stiffness. Fibromyalgia does not cause any joint or muscle damage.

  • Lupus: It is a type of disease that mainly affects the skin and the joints and in some cases it may affect the internal organs also such as the kidneys, lungs or heart. Women are more affected by this disease than their counterparts.

  • Bursitis and tendinitis: Bursitis and tendinitis are caused by irritation from an injury or overusing of a joint. Bursitis affects a small sac called the bursa that helps to cushion the muscles and tendons surrounding the joint. Tendinitis affects the tendons that attach muscle to bone.

  • Ankylosing Spondylitis: This is a type of chronic inflammatory arthritis that mainly affects the spine and pelvis. It causes the pain and stiffness in the back. It is caused because of the swelling and the irritation of the spinal joints. These causes can eventually limit the mobility of the joints. To read more-

  • Reactive Arthritis: This is a temporary inflammation of the joints as a reaction to an infection elsewhere in the body.

  • Polymyalgia Rheumatica: This is an inflammatory condition affecting the muscles and soft tissues in the shoulder and upper arm, buttocks and thighs. It causes tiredness, stiffness, loss of weight and occasionally circulation problems.

Causes of Arthritis

Arthritis involves the breakdown of cartilage within the joints. Cartilage normally protects the joint, allowing for smooth movement. Cartilage also absorbs shock when pressure is placed on the joint, like when you walk. Without usual amount of cartilage, the bones rub together, causing pain, swelling (inflammation), and stiffness.


Some of the causes of joint inflammation are


  1. General wear and tear of the joints.


  1. Injury to a bone.


  1. An autoimmune disease (the body attacks itself because the immune system believes a body part is foreign).


  1. Ageing- Osteoarthritis is common in old age.


  1. Infections caused by certain bacteria or viruses.


  1. Genetic disposition: A  genetic defect in a cartilage component called collagen can cause deterioration of cartilage.


  1. Obesity or being overweight: The more weight, the joints have to bear, the greater the chances of getting Osteoarthritis, on the knee.. The strongest cause of Osteoarthritis is, being overweight during the 40s and above.


  1. Physical labour or sports: A joint injury or overuse of a joint increase the risk of developing arthritis in that joint. Some jobs would require repeated use of a certain joint, which over a certain period develop wear and tear.


  1. Joint alignment: People with joints that move or fit together incorrectly, such as in bowlegs, dislocated hips or double-jointedness, are more likely to develop arthritis in those joints.

Symptoms of Arthritis


  1. Joint pain

  2. Joint stiffness

  3. Joint swelling

  4. Joint inflammation

  5. Fatigue, and occasional fever

  6. Tenderness and warmth in the joints

  7. Loss of joint function

    Ayurvedic Treatment of Arthritis

    According to Ayurveda, Arthritis occurs due to aggravation of Vata dosha and is known as ‘Sandhivata’. Here‘ Sandhi’ means ‘joint’.


    The vata (one of the three bio-regulating principles of the body) is aggravated by various reasons such as improper diet, over exertion, injury, eating of cold food, extreme cold climate, suppression of natural urges, staying awake at night, stress, depression etc. Also ageing is a primary cause, as vata predominance in body increases as age of the person advances towards old age.  Individuals with the vata prakruthi are also more prone to arthritis condition.


    Vata is dry in nature. When Vata gets vitiated in any of the joints, it dries up the lubricating synovial fluid inside the joint capsule; degenerates the joints and causes the destruction of the cartilage.


    Generally in case of arthritis, vata does not increase at random in every joint throughout the body. It affects one part, mainly a joint; and gradually spreads to other joints. This is very typical of arthritis. It starts with a joint; say elbow joint, and then manifests in another elbow joint and progresses in the sequence of other joints.


    With reference to joints; vata, pitta and kapha relate to the process of motion, metabolic and secretory functions (in this case synovial fluid embedded between joint spaces).  The vata dosha, which has hot, airy, and mobile attributes, plays a critical role in causing arthritis.



    Since vata has high degree of mobility. Its vitiated form spreads fast to other joints and triggers off a series of imbalances in the rest of the body humors. Kapha, responsible for lubrication , suffers the most. Joints, without the lubricating fluids, mean more friction and subsequent pain on movement. Higher the imbalance, higher the pain.


    Arthritis is one of the most common ailments for which Ayurvedic treatment is most effective.


    ‘Sandhivata’ gradually worsens with time, and no cure exists in modern medicine. However, Ayurvedic arthritis treatment can prevent the progression of the disease, relieve pain, rejuvenates damaged cartilages, and improves the joint lubrication, function and strength.


    Ayurvedic treatment for arthritis involves both internal and external medications. The external therapy include includes ayurvedic panchakarma and kayakalpa treatment procedures for detoxification and rejuvenation. Dietary restrictions form the mainstay of treatment, and physical exercises and yoga are advocated at appropriate stages of recovery. The treatment procedures also focus on strengthening digestive and metabolic systems, by cleansing out the toxins.  



    A typical Ayurvedic treatment procedure starts with-

    Consultation with an ayurveda physician. (We at superbeing arranges free consultation over the phone or email with a specialized doctor, provided you have send a detailed description of the disease condition and the concerned medical reports)

    The doctor performs thorough diagnosis of your body by analyzing your medical condition, body constitution and the doshas causing the illness. He then prescribes a treatment routine to be followed-

    A typical treatment routine includes:

    1. No of days required for treatment

    2. The therapies to be followed in each stages of treatment

    3. Number of total sessions required for each therapy

    4. Internal medicines and its timings

    5. Diet to be followed during treatment

    6. Do’s and Don’ts  to be followed before and after each session

    Panchakarma defines a number of treatment methods, for the removal of toxins. This involves both internal and external medications and an ideal diet. In addition to the diet , the stimulating massages and manual therapies are very important in order to stimulate the metabolism and to assist in its detoxification.

    Some for the Panchakarma therapies performed in Osteoarthritis condition are:


    Abhyanga is a part of Panchakarma treatment method which involves application of warm medicated oil over the body with mild pressure. The medicine is rubbed over the body in directions comfortable to the patient. It improves strength and alleviates Vata. Abhyanga is a type of Bahya Snehana which can be performed as therapeutic procedure as well as preventive procedure.

    The patient is made to sit on the Abhyanga table with leg extended. The oil is to be heated to optimum temperature and applied over the head, ears and soles of the feet. And then the oil is applied uniformly with mild pressure over the body by two masseurs standing on both sides of the table. Massage is started from scalp, head and moves down to neck, upper back, shoulders, upper arms, forearms, hands and then chest, abdomen, lower back and lower limbs.

    Abhyanga should be done in sitting, supine, right lateral and left lateral positions and prone position. At the end of the procedure the oil on the body is wiped off with tissue or towel. The procedure normally takes 30- 40 minutes.

    Patient is advised to take complete rest for 30 minutes to 1 hour. Bath can be taken with hot water and soap to remove the oil from the body. Light semisolid digestible diet is advised after the bath.


    ‘Ila’ means leaves and ‘Kizhi’ means bolus. This is a highly effective therapy is bone and joint inflammations.

    In this therapy, leaves of medicinal plants are heated and tied in a bolus. This bolus is then applied to the affected area to provide heat.


    In this method a mixture of herbs are dried and powdered. This is then tied to a bolus. This bolus is then heated and applied over the affected area.

    Janu Basti:

    This is one of the most effective therapy for Osteoarthritis of the knee. This therapy is performed by pouring warm medicated oil in the knee area. The oil is then retained in the knee, by making a partition (wheat flour is commonly used). The herbal oil used in the procedure helps in restoring the lubricating fluid in the joint and maintains integrity of the structures involved in the joint. It also improves the mobility of the knee joints.


    In this therapy, medicated oil is applied to the whole body and then the body is massaged with small cotton cloth boluses filled with cooked Njavara rice. Njavara rice has immense medicinal value. The boluses are dipped in this regenerating mixture of cow's milk and a brewed herbal decoction, and then applied to the body, causing the body to sweat.

    This procedure is highly rejuvenating. It enhances physical consistency, strengthens the nervous system and is very effective in treating Osteoarthritis condition.


    Pizhichil is a preparatory procedure of Panchakarma which has the advantage of producing the effects of Snehana and Swedana at the same time. Pizhichil has its origin in Kerala Ayurveda. Pizhichil is a procedure by which the body is made to perspire by means of pouring warm medicated oil in a specific manner.

    The patient is made to sit on a dhara table with legs extended. A cotton swab after soaking in suitable oil is applied over the scalp. Then Karnapurana (application of oil in the ears) is done. The rolled cotton cloth has to be tied above the ears, around the head at the level of forehead.Ears should be plugged with cotton and oil is applied all over the body. Gentle massage is performed by two masseurs attending on either sides of the patient.

    The oil used for Pizhichil is to be heated by keeping the vessel on a hot water bath. The temperature of the oil must be comfortable to the patient. Then piece of cloth is to be dipped in the warm oil and squeezed over body with right hand. Simultaneously gentle massage is done with left hand. The oil should flow in uniform stream from the thumb facing downwards from a height 12 to 20 cms. or as per the condition of the disease./ patient. This process is continued in seven positions given below.

    Basically only 3 positions are described- Sitting, Supine and Prone, but practically 7 positions are followed.

        - Sitting

        - Supine

        - Left lateral

        - Prone

        - Right lateral

        - Supine

        - Sitting

    After Pizhichil, body of the patient is to be massaged gently and oil is to be wiped off with clean towel over the scalp and body.Then fresh oil is applied all over the body and covered with blanket or cotton cloth. Rest is advised for few minutes followed by hot water bath.

    The duration of Pizhichil varies from 45 -60 minutes and usually performed 7,14 or 21 days according to the condition of the patient/ disease.

    Pizhichil is performed for Neuromuscular disorders like Hemiplegia, Paraplegia, Peripheral Neuropathy, Muscular and Ligamentous injuries. It is also effective in Orthopaedic & Rheumatological problems like Rheumatoid Arthritis, Osteoarthritis, Other degenerative joint diseases.

    Ayurvedic Herbs used in Arthritis Treatment

    Ayurvedic Diet & Regimen

    Foods which are easily digestible are very good. Vegetable juices and soups are good. Mixed juices of carrot, beetroot and cucumber are also beneficial. Green salad with a dressing of lemon  juice and a little salt is also good. Fruits like apple, orange, grapes and papaya can be taken. Cooked vegetables gourd, bitter gourd, fenugreek, spinach and pumpkin are good. Cooking with spices like cumin, coriander, ginger, asafoetida, garlic, fennel and turmeric also helps a lot.


    Avoid eating spicy, fried foods, sweets,.etc. Excess intake of tea, coffee, alcohol, white sugar, yogurt, chocolate, cocoa and excessive smoking should be avoided. Sleeping during day time, staying up late in the night and mental tensions like worry, anxiety, fear, stress, grief etc should be managed.


    Regular physical exercise and massage with oil once or twice a week can help to relieve pain. Massage therapy helps relieve joint pain by improving circulation and soothing inflammation. To massage the affected area, use warm oil like coconut, mustard, castor or garlic oil and apply gentle pressure while massaging.



    Ayurvedic Home Remedies



    1. Drinking one teaspoon of castor oil with ginger water before going to sleep is a very effective way of keeping joint pain and arthritis at bay.


    1. Anti-arthritis formula: One teaspoon turmeric, quarter teaspoon garlic, quarter teaspoon ajwain, half teaspoon coriander seed powder, half teaspoon fenugreek with half glass of water twice a day.


    1. Having Aswagandha powder along with milk on regular basis will quickly heal arthritis.


    1. Also regular consumption of food made with Black lentil or Black gram is beneficiary as it helps in strengthening the knees quicker.


    1. Fenugreek is a popular home remedy for joint pain due to its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. It is particularly beneficial for those suffering from arthritis. It is particularly beneficial for those suffering from arthritis. Swallow one teaspoon of finely ground fenugreek seeds followed by a glass of lukewarm water. Do this daily in the morning until you get positive results. Alternatively, you can simply soak one teaspoon of fenugreek seeds in water overnight and eat them the next morning.


    1. Take 1 cup mustard oil and add 10g camphor to it. Heal the oil till the camphor dissolves completely. Massage lukewarm oil on the affected area. This will help improve the blood circulation in the area and will reduce the inflammation and stiffness.


    1. Take 3 tbsp green gram, soak in 250 ml water overnight to get sprouted gram. Add 2 crushed garlic cloves to the sprouted gram and mix well. Consume 2 times a day. You may add salt and pepper for taste.


    1. Mix one teaspoon of turmeric powder and a little honey in a glass of warm milk. Drink it daily, at least for a few days.


    About Ayurveda

    Ayurveda, which means the science of life. (Ayur = Life, Veda = Science). Ayurveda is a traditional System of treatment (medical science) which was developed in India more than 5000 years ago. Ayurvedic treatment which helps to cure most of the diseases. Major treatment methods are massages, Pizhichil, Njavarakizhi, Sirodhara, Vasthi, Sirovasthi, Udvarthanam, Abhyangam, Nasyam, Thalam etc. The main Advantage of taking ayurveda treatment is, its completely natural because herbal medicines are used to treat any disease conditions. Its a natural medical system focused on physical, mental and spiritual growth of human beings and it focus on treating and get rid off the root cause of the disease (Complete cure) rather than suppressing the symptoms.Special Ayurveda packages available in kerala for most of the ailments

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