Cholesterol is a chemical compound that the body requires as a building block for cell membranes and for hormones like estrogen and testosterone. High cholesterol, also known as hypercholesterolemia, is a major risk factor for heart disease and stroke. Cholesterol content in the bloodstream is regulated by the liver. As the body requires cholesterol, it may be secreted by the liver. The causes of cholestrol include overweight, consuming fat-rich food, smoking, drinking, stress, hereditary factors. The most common symptoms include angina (chest pain), nausea, extreme fatigue, shortness of breath, pain in the neck, jaw and upper abdomen or back, stroke, heart attack, peripheral arterial disease. Ayurveda has played a leading role in balancing cholesterol. Ayurveda recommends that a diet and exercise can help to achieve the goal of controlling cholesterol level. Ayurvedic treatment for high level of cholesterol is to prescribe the various herbs that have properties to reduce the buildup.